World War I

World War One started in 1914 after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria. It is also known as the Great War. Factors responsible  The primary cause of World War 1 was the death of Archduke Franz of Austria. Due to this murder, Austria-Hungary declared battle on Serbia. Russia entered this fight due to … Read more

Commercialization of agriculture under British Rule

The replacement of food crops by the cash crops is called commercialization of agriculture. The commercialization of agriculture is carried out by keeping the market needs in mind because the production is not carried for self consumption. Factors and forces The commercialization of agriculture was the result of the establishment of British rule in India. … Read more

Mughal Paintings

Mughal paintings emerged from Persian miniature painting and developed in the court of the Mughal Empire of the 16th to 18th centuries. Painting sought whole-hearted encouragement during the Mughal period.  Contribution of Mughals in the field of painting Both Babar and Humayun were art-loving. Two artists had accompanied Humayun from Iran. But Humayun expired before … Read more

Rammohan Roy

Rammohun’s mind was set at a synthesis of the best in the East and the West in the Indian setting.  Rammohan’s Role in Modernization of India Social reform His great objective was to get better treatment for women in society.  The efforts he made for the abolition of the barbarous and inhuman custom of sati … Read more

Jain architecture

Jain architecture is an offshoot of Hindu and Buddhist styles. In the initial years, many Jain temples were made adjoining the Buddhist temples following the Buddhist rock-cut style. Initially these temples were mainly carved out of rock faces and the use of bricks was almost negligible. However, in later years Jains started building temple-cities on … Read more

Bhakti & Sufi Movement

Sufism is the mystical movement against orthodox practice in Islam, while the Bhakti movement refers to the trend in medieval Hinduism that sought to bring religious reforms by adopting the method of devotion to achieve salvation. Similarities between bhaktism and Sufism were: The Bhakti and Sufi movements showed the people that the existence of God … Read more

Child stunting in India

Children are defined as stunted if their height-for-age is more than two standard deviations below the WHO Child Growth Standards median. If it is three standard deviations below it is called severe stunting.  Reasons Socio-Cultural:  Poor hygiene and inadequate sanitation: more than half of the rural population still defecates in the open making them vulnerable … Read more

Higher education system in India

Despite an increase in the number of Universities and Colleges, India has performed poorly on several higher education indices such as worldwide rankings, graduate employability, gross enrolment ratio, research publications, and so on. Issues currently faced by the higher education system in India: Lack of industry-academic collaboration and an outdated curriculum that places less focus … Read more