Officials in the Later Vedic Period

●Purohita – Chief Priest, also sometimes referred to as Rashtragopa ●Senani – Supreme Commander of army ●Vrajapati – Officer-in-Charge of pasture land ●Jivagribha – Police Officer ●Spasas/ Dutas – Spies who also sometimes worked as messengers ●Madhyamasi – Mediator on disputes ●Bhagadugha – Revenue collector ●Sangrahitri – Treasurer ●Mahishi – Chief Queen ●Suta – Charioteer … Read more

Darshana – Indian Philosophy

●Nyaya (spiritualist) → Gautama 6th BC → Nyaya Sutra → It is a logical quest for God. It tells that the material power Maya, with the help of God, becomes the universe. ●Vaisheshika(materialist) -> Kanada → 6th BC -> Vaisheshika Sutra → It aims is to receive happiness in this life and finally ultimate liberation … Read more

Bhakti Saints & their time period

●Shankara (788 – 820 AD) ●Ramanuja (1017-1137 A.D) ●Basava (12th Century) ●Madhva (1238-1319 AD) ●Ramanada (15th century) ●Kabir (1440-1510 AD) ●Chaitanya (1468-1533 AD) ●Guru Nanak Dev (1469-1538 AD) ●Purandara (15th century) ●Dadu Dayal (1544-1603 AD) ●Surdas (1483-1563 AD) ●Vallabhacharya (1479-1531 AD) ●Shankaradeva (1499-1569 AD) ●Mirabai (1498-1563 AD) ●Haridas (1478-1573 AD) ●Tulasidas (1532-1623 AD) ●Namdeva (1270-1309 … Read more

Hathigumpha inscription

The Hathigumpha Inscription is a seventeen-line Prakrit inscription inscribed in Brahmi script in a cave called Hathigumpha near Bhubaneswar, Odisha. It was inscribed by the Jain king Kharavela of the Kalinga kingdom during the 2nd and 1st centuries BCE. The Hathigumpha Inscription contains a biographical narrative of a ruler from ancient India’s eastern area, among … Read more

Eran inscription

Eran inscription is crucial in reconstructing the history of the Gupta Empire. The capital of Erakina (Airikina) Pradesha or Airkina Vishaya, a Gupta administrative division, was Eran or Erakina. Eran is a historic town and archaeological site in Madhya Pradesh. As demonstrated by the various coins discovered here, it was one of the oldest mints … Read more

Junagarh Inscription

Rudradaman’s Junagarh inscription is also known as Rudradaman’s Girnar rock inscription. Rudradaman I, the monarch of the Western Satraps, carved Sanskrit text on a rock. It is in Gujarat, India, near Girnar Hill, near Junagarh. The inscription was written in 150 CE. Inscriptions of Ashoka (one of fourteen Major Rock Edicts of Ashoka), Rudradaman I, … Read more

Important Foreign Travellers to India

Foreign Travellers Period of Stay Description Megasthenes 302 B.C. – 298 B.C. He was the ambassador of Seleucus. He visited India during the supremacy of Chandragupta Maurya. Chandragupta was known to the Greeks as Sandrocottus. He was also the author of the book ‘Indica’. Deimachos 320-273 BC Greek Ambassador Come as ambassador to Bindusāra or … Read more

Mughal Paintings

Mughal paintings emerged from Persian miniature painting and developed in the court of the Mughal Empire of the 16th to 18th centuries. Painting sought whole-hearted encouragement during the Mughal period.  Contribution of Mughals in the field of painting Both Babar and Humayun were art-loving. Two artists had accompanied Humayun from Iran. But Humayun expired before … Read more