Q.) Discuss the positive and negative effects of globalization on women in India. 2015

Globalization involves people, companies, and governments globally interacting and integrating. Faster connectivity has encouraged globalisation.

Positive effects of globalization on women

1) Role-redefined
The belief that women should be homebound has changed. More women are independent and participate in family and societal decision-making. Globalization has made this possible.
2) Bad practices eliminated
Globalization has helped remove traditional women-centric beliefs like Sati, child marriage, and female foeticide. Modernization changed mindsets.
3) Reputation
Globalization restored women’s degraded status. Globalization helped spread a new world order and belief system.
4) Jobs opportunities
Globalization created jobs. This benefited women, who weren’t equal. Employment has increased families’ incomes.

Negative effects of globalization on women

1)Family values decline
Ancient family values are fading. Women are no longer the family’s glue. Working women’s changing attitudes have rendered values like the united family obsolete.
2) Morale decline
Men and women have lost moral standards, but women have changed more drastically. Lack of values causes marriage, personal, and societal difficulties. Loss of morals has led to divorces.
3) Fertility, mental health
Overwork has harmed women’s health. Lifestyle illnesses are common. Fertility and mental health difficulties have resulted. Suicides have increased.
4) Objectification of women
Eg. Pornography,
5) Glass ceiling and restriction to pink collared jobs

Globalization affected Indian women in both ways. However, this opened new opportunities and gave voice. Eg. the #metoo movement

What is the basis of regionalism? Is it that unequal distribution of benefits of development on a regional basis eventually promotes regionalism? Substantiate your answer. 2016

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