What do you understand by the concept “freedom of speech and expression”? Does it cover hate speech also? Why do the films in India stand on a slightly different plane from other forms of expression? Discuss. Answer Freedom of speech and expression is the right to express one’s own opinion and to communicate ideas, thoughts, … Read more
National Commission for Women (NCW) was established in January 1992 under the National Commission for Women Act, 1990. NCW is a statutory body of the Government of India, which is mandated to review the constitutional and legal safeguards for women; recommend remedial legislative measures; facilitate redressal of grievances and advise the Government on all … Read more
What are Department-related Parliamentary Standing Committees? Department-related Parliamentary Standing Committees are a type of committee in the Indian Parliament. They are constituted by representatives from both the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha and are appointed by the President of India. They are tasked with examining the functioning of the concerned Ministry or Department and making … Read more
On the basis of the attitude of the state towards religion, three types of states can be conceived of: (a) Atheistic State: The state is anti-religion and hence, condemns all religions. (b) Theocratic State: The state is pro-religion and hence, declares one particular religion as the state religion, as for example, Nepal, Bangladesh, Burma, Sri … Read more
The 42nd Amendment Act of 1976 transferred five subjects to Concurrent List from State List, that is, (a) education, (b) forests, (c) weights and measures, (d) protection of wild animals and birds, and (e) administration of justice; constitution and organisation of all courts except the Supreme Court and the high courts.
In our Parliamentary democracy, the Speaker’s office plays a critical role. The Speaker is the guardian of Parliamentary democracy’s traditions. Within the House, she is the final interpreter of the Constitution. In the Warrant of Precedence, she stands next only to the President, the Vice-President, and the Prime Minister. The office’s expenses are charged to … Read more
The ordinance is an emergency provision, through which the executive can make laws when the parliament is not in session. Indian constitution under the articles 123 and 213 makes provision for an ordinance making power of union and the states respectively. Ordinance-making power is an exceptional provision with the executive to respond to unforeseen circumstances. … Read more
After World War I, the Government of India Act of 1919, also known as the Montague Chelmsford Reforms, was passed to appease nationalists. Similarly, the 1935 Act was enacted following three Round Table Conferences, by which time the national movement had reached a peak. As a result, the Government of India Act 1935 was a … Read more